So passed the Zoo and then it was more streets to the 40K. At the
40K marker there was another service area, I drank a sports drink
and ate a sports bar, munching a bit but throwing most of it away,
my stomach was a mess. I fought my way done the street, too weary
to enjoy the lively Samba music dancers. I remember them, their
warm friendly smiles, one even shouted encouragement as I waddled
The square where the Samba dancers are doing there thing is Rondellplatz,
mentioned in an 1858 description of the city as "a smaller,
pleasant square, so named for its round shape adorned with beautiful
buildings all of the same kind".
Rondellplatz was built thanks to the intersection of the city's
north/south central axis with an old path on the line of the Erbprinzenstraße.
It first appeared in official city plan drawn up in 1768. Smart
residential buildings grew up on three sides of the square between
1800 and 1809.
The Karl-Friedrich-Strasse, beginning at the Schlossplatz and ending
at Ettlinger Tor, was regarded as the Karlsruhe "via triumphalis",
due partly to the Grand Duke Karl monument, very soon known only
as the "Verfassungssäule" (or "constitution
column"). The Verfassungssäule on Rondellplatz was built
by Raufer, at first only with the cube and the two fountain basins,
using Weinbrenner's design from 1823-24.
The obelisks were not added until several years later. The structure
was probably assigned the purpose of serving as a monument for Grand
Duke Karl and the constitution he introduced in 1818 in 1832.
Starting in 1803, Grand Duke Karl Friedrich had a palace built
on the south-eastern terrain for the sons of his second wife, Reichs
Countess Luise Karoline von Hochberg. Court gardeners had already
laid out an ornamental and kitchen garden there back in 1800. The
center of the palace is set apart from the rest by a six-pillared
Corinthian entrance hall (the white pilliars in the left picture).
The two side wings destroyed in the war were rebuilt in a modern
style in 1963.